Hawaiian lunar calendar.
Hawaiian month, consisting of all 30 moon phases.
A period of 10 pō mahina.
The Huli Mahina is a learning tool to support the use of the Hawaiian lunar calendar to guide present-day fishermen, farmers and people of interest.
Traditionally, Hawaiians used a calendar based upon the phases of the moon called kaulana mahina. A traditional Hawaiian lunar year had twelve malama (Hawaiian lunar month). Each malama consisted of the cycle of 30 pō mahina (moon phases). Every three to six years, a thirteenth lunar month was added to ensure that the malama aligned with correct environmental indicators throughout the seasons. Each month started with the new moon, Hilo and ended with Muku, the dark moon. Similar to a Gregorian month, the Hawaiian malama is separated into 3 anahulu. Each anahulu consists of 10 moon phases. The first anahulu of every malama is the Anahulu Hoʻonui. Hoʻonui means to get bigger, the moon is waxing during this anahulu.
The second anahulu is the Anahulu Poepoe. Poepoe mean round or circular, the moon is at its fullest phases during this anahulu. The moon is waxing at the begining of the anahulu poepoe and is waning at the end.
The third anahulu is the Anahulu Hoʻēmi. Hoʻēmi means to reduce or diminish. The moon is waning during this anahulu until it reaches the new moon.
How to use:
1) Observe the moon shape, use the diagram below to identify which moon it is.
2) Hold Huli Mahina right side up facing you with 2 hands thumbs on front 4 fingers on back
3) Rotate the box 180 degrees towards you. A tile will slide down in to the viewing window continue to flip the box towards you 180 degrees till the moon in the viewing window matches moon in the nights sky.
Sharpie pens (suggested colors: red, blue, and green)
3)Color squares on tile.
4) Color all 30 moons front and back of each tile.
5) Allow all tiles to properly dry before completing assembly.
6) Assembly the body of the box, leaving only one front panel off.
8) Double check the tile order by placing front panel on box, interlocking all sides together ensuring all edges meet, then re-rubber band the box
8) Do a test run of your Huli Mahina, making sure the moon phases appear in the correct order.